Early Spring Wildflowers Guide

Mar 27, 2018
Early spring wildflowers are starting to appear in Central Oregon! Here's a guide to help you identify these early bloomers.

As spring makes its way to Central Oregon, the first early spring wildflowers are beginning to appear! After a winter of (sometimes) white and lots of muted tones, seeing a pop of yellow or a burst of pink is a welcome sight. Keep your eyes open for the following early spring wildflowers, all of which have been found at Land Trust Preserves:

 

Crocidium multicaule. Photo: Kris Kristovich.

Goldfields, Crocidium multicaule

One of our very first wildflowers of the season! You’ll find these dime-size flowers carpeting the sagebrush flats. Single yellow flower with 8 rays ¼-1/2” long on a delicate stem up to 6” tall.

Blooms: Early spring

 

Ranunculus glaberrimus. Photo: Gary Miller.

 

Sagebrush buttercup, Ranunculus glaberrimus

Another one of the first wildflowers of the season! Yellow flowers that can turn white as they age. Found in sagebrush flats to pine forests. Flowers have 5 petals that are ½” long atop a single stem.

Blooms: All spring

 

Fritillaria pudica. Photo: Carol Moorehead.

Yellow bell, Frittillaria pudica

Beautiful yellow, pendant-shaped lily that can be found in grasslands to pine forest. Flowers are 7/8” long and can be yellow to brownish-orange. Leaves are grasslike. Bulbs were a food source for Northwest tribes.

Blooms: Early spring

 

Lithophragma parviflorum. Photo: Joan Amero.

Prairie star,Lithophragma parviflorum

An early bloomer with a delicate, white to lavender-pink, irregular flower atop a slender red stem. Found in sagebrush flats to pine forests. Flowers have 5 petals that are ¼” long atop a 4-12” tall stem.

Blooms: Early spring

 

Collinsia parviflora. Photo: Kris Kristovich.

 

Maiden blue-eyed Mary, Collinsia parviflora

Small puplish-blue to white tube-like flowers on hairy stalks. Numerous leaves with rounded points and edges that roll under slightly. Found in moist areas.

Blooms: Early spring

 

Phlox diffusa. Photo: Land Trust.

 

Spreading phlox, Phlox diffusa

Low-growing flower that prefers rocky crevices and exposed locations. Flowers have 5 pink-purple-white petals that create a mass of color. Adapted to extreme environments, cushion-like plants like phlox often have taproots 8-15’ deep!

Blooms: Midspring

 

Leucocrinum montanum. Photo: Land Trust.

 

Sand lily, Leucocrinum monatanum

Another early bloomer that can be found in sagebrush flats and pine forests. It grows in rosette-like bunches with 4-8 white flowers per bunch. Flowers have 6 petals; leaves are 4-8”, flat and linear.

Blooms: Late spring

 

*Please note that bloom times are approximate and related to weather conditions more than calendar dates.*

 

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