Surveying Oregon's Native Bees

Sep 07, 2021
Land Trust outreach manager Jana Hemphill heads out to Camp Polk Meadow Preserve to learn more about surveying Oregon's native bees.

By Jana Hemphill

On a sunny, smoke-free August day, I headed out to the Land Trust’s Camp Polk Meadow Preserve. My goal for the day: to learn more about bee surveys happening at our Preserves and across Oregon through the Oregon Bee Atlas.

Now perhaps you are having the same reaction that my husband had when I told him I’d be headed out for bee surveying—“What are bee surveys??” And it’s a great question! Let’s start at the beginning. In Oregon, there has never been a formal survey of our native bees. This makes things difficult for scientists: they can’t really say whether our bee populations are increasing or decreasing, understand the effects of wildfire and climate change on bee species, or have any type of baseline about bees. Through a partnership of the Oregon State University Extension Service, the Oregon Department of Forestry, and the Oregon Department of Agriculture, the Oregon Bee Project was born, and one of their tasks is the Oregon Bee Atlas.

For the past five years, volunteers and partners have been working on documenting Oregon’s native bee populations through the Oregon Bee Atlas. Last year, the Land Trust installed bee boxes at six of our Preserves for this project. Now, volunteers with the Oregon Bee Atlas are collecting bee species at places like Camp Polk Meadow Preserve and Whychus Canyon Preserve for additional surveying.

When I arrived at Camp Polk Meadow Preserve, I met Oregon Bee Atlas volunteer Michele Sims. Clad in bee-inspired clothing, Michele not only has an interest and passion for bees, but wildflowers, trees, and many other nature-related things. She was happy to take this bee newbie under her wing (pun intended!) and teach me some of the basics about what she was doing.

Labeling with date and type of flower the bee was found on. Photo: Land Trust.
Labeling with date and type of flower the bee was found on. Photo: Land Trust.
Since it was August, most wildflowers at the Preserve were past their best bloom times. The rabbitbrush, however, was thriving. It didn’t take long to start spotting bees enjoying the rabbitbrush, and this is where I got my first lesson about the pollinators we were looking at: pollen pants. POLLEN PANTS! This is my new favorite term, but it’s not easy to work into conversation, let me tell you. So what are pollen pants? Well, bees have to have somewhere to store pollen as they fly from bloom to bloom. Some store pollen on their abdomen, for example. Honeybees and bumblebees (and a few others) have pollen sacs on their hind legs, which are affectionately called pollen pants. Now this newbie had an easy way to attempt to identify honeybees, and it was a critical one, as Michele quickly realized a honeybee hive (or several) were nearby. So many honeybees! Since these aren’t native to Oregon, we let them move about their business as we looked at surveying local species.

Michele impressed me with her swooping netting skills, giving her a chance to look at the bee more closely and ensure it was a bee that needed to be surveyed for this scientific endeavor. After being collected and labeled by what flower the bee was on, we moved slowly along the trail, eyes trained on anything small and with wings. Michele showed me a bee with pollen stored on its abdomen and a male bee with pollen on its nose. She also gave me all sorts of tips for identifying flies, wasps, and bees that imitate other insects, with the caveat that it’s really hard to identify bees! This is why Michele will send in her bees to Oregon State University. There, they will actually DNA sequence the bees to identify the species.

A male bee with pollen on its nose. Photo: Land Trust.
A male bee with pollen on its nose. Photo: Land Trust.
The Oregon Bee Atlas project is hoping to release an initial report sometime in the near future. With an estimated 600+ native bee species in Oregon, it will be interesting to see if the bee surveys are close to this estimated number or not. In Central Oregon, there are a limited number of volunteers doing bee surveys, so it’s hard to be as thorough as some might hope. If you’re interested, find out how to become a volunteer with Oregon Bee Atlas.

As Michele and I completed the loop trail, it was difficult to stop staring at the rabbitbrush and the buzzing bees, even after two hours. I was doing one of my favorite things—nerding out on the science of the natural world. And even though my time as a pseudo bee surveyor had to come to an end, I look forward to learning and hearing more about our native bees and being fascinated by what they do.

 

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